Respecting Health and Environmental Standards
The training covered open pit and underground mining processes, health and safety, environmental aspects and survey techniques. The mines inspectors further practised their skills at a stone quarry and a marble processing plant in Herat. They are now able to conduct field inspections properly and examine whether mining activities comply with norms, standards and regulations. They can further analyse whether extracted volumes correspond to the values agreed in relevant contracts. This ensures the correct payment of taxes and fees, increasing tax revenues for the Afghan state.
One participant from Herat commented, “The training is important for our job. We have learned a lot about mining standards, survey techniques and the utilisation of field equipment. The new knowledge will help us to do our job correctly and efficiently.” On average, each participant is responsible for about four mines in their respective provinces.
Afghanistan is rich in mineral resources, including copper, iron, gold, lithium, rare earth and cobalt. These resources offer great potential to increase economic growth, generate additional revenue and create some 10.000 to 14.000 additional jobs in the Afghan extractive sector. However, to exploit this potential efficiently, mining activities have to be well managed, regulated and overseen transparently. Often, health and environmental standards are not respected, and accidents happen frequently. It is therefore crucial that mine inspectors are adequately trained for examining whether standards are respected. So far, the Afghan-German Cooperation has taught 94 mines inspectors since 2013.
The programme Promoting Good Governance in the Extractive Sector in Afghanistan is implemented by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The Afghan mining sector offers great economic potential that could significantly boost growth in the country. To leverage this potential, the programme aims at increasing state revenues, promoting investment and fighting corruption in Afghanistan’s extractive sector. Among other activities, the project has organised 21 training courses on topics such as mine planning, mining economics and mining supervision for more than 310 mines inspectors and other employees at the Ministry of Mines and Petroleum (MoMP) and provincial authorities since 2013. Further, the project supports the Afghan Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (AEITI) to promote transparency and fight corruption.
 World Bank Altai Study 2012