Sustainable Economic Development
The overarching objective of measures in the priority area Sustainable Economic Development and Employment is to create sustainable and productive employment and income opportunities for the Afghan population people, while using and preserving the country’s natural resources sustainably. To achieve this, and thus improve living conditions on the ground on a long-term basis, the German government promotes access to training and capacity development opportunities, expands essential infrastructure and supports key value chains.
Because the Afghan agricultural sector provides jobs for the majority of the population, but has only achieved low levels of production and little value-enhancing processing to date, the German government provides targeted support for this sector. By improving irrigation infrastructure, providing production inputs and promoting product marketing, for example, it supports selected agricultural value chains with potential for import substitution – such as wheat, poultry and nut production – with the aim of reducing dependency on foreign products.
In implementing these measures, the German government places particular emphasis on conserving Afghanistan’s natural resources, which have not been managed sustainably following decades of violent conflict. Today, for example, only around two per cent of the country is forested, leading to soil erosion and degradation and endangering the population’s livelihoods. Together with local communities, efforts are therefore being made to protect the country’s remaining natural resources and develop measures to restore forest landscapes.
To create sustainable and productive employment and income opportunities, the German government also supports small and medium-sized enterprises through microfinance products and credit guarantees. At the same time, it supports efforts to increase the quality and labour market orientation of vocational training through capacity development and infrastructure measures, thereby improving income opportunities for trainees.
Further information on our activities in the priority area of Sustainable Economic Development and Employment can be found in the project descriptions and in the ‘Stories’ section.